Catarrh, also known as postnasal drip, is the medical word for a mucus buildup in the sinuses, throat, or back of the nose.
The mucus glands in the nose and throat create mucus, which is a slick, fluid substance. It aids in moistening the nasal passages while snatching up any bacteria, viruses, or other particles that are inhaled. This aids in preventing viruses from entering the body, where they can infect the patient. Every day, the body produces 1-2 quarts of mucus. Mucus is produced and then drops into the throat and down the back of the nose.
Most of the time, people swallow the mucous without giving it any thought. However, the sinuses, throat, and nose can occasionally become blocked with mucus.
Some common symptoms of catarrh include:
- a tickling feeling of mucus draining into the throat
- rasping or gurgling when talking
- feeling as though there is a lump in the throat
- having to clear the throat frequently
- having to swallow frequently
- difficulty swallowing
- a sore throat
- a blocked or stuffy nose
- a headache
- facial pain
- a loss of taste or smell
- difficulty sleeping
- changes in weather conditions
- eating spicy foods
- hay fever, or allergic rhinitis
- non allergic rhinitis
- viruses, such as the common cold
- sinus infection
- nasal polyps
- gastro esophageal reflux (GER)
- gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- hormone changes during pregnancy
- certain medications
In children, having something stuck in the nose is a common cause of catarrh.
Avoiding triggers for your symptoms, such as allergens or smoke-filled environments. Sips of cold water should be taken whenever you feel the need to clear your throat; continuing to do so can make matters worse.