The most prominent symptom of a migraine, a common neurological condition, is a throbbing, pulsating headache on one side of the brain. Physical exertion, bright lights, loud noises, or strong smells will probably make your migraine worse. It could endure for days or at least four hours.
Primary headaches and secondary headaches are two of the more than 150 different forms of headaches. A migraine is a primary headache, which means that it isn’t brought on by another medical condition. There is no blood test or imaging scan needed to diagnose primary headache disorders because they are clinical diagnosis. Another medical condition may be the cause of a subsequent headache.
A headache is a migraine’s main symptom. Some people perceive pain as pounding or throbbing. It may start out as a dull ache and progress to mild, moderate, or severe pulsing pain. Your headache discomfort will worsen if you don’t get treatment. In addition to hurting the front, back, or feel like it’s impacting your entire head, pain might move from one side of your head to the other. Some persons have pain in their face, sinuses, jaw, neck, or around their eyes or temples.
- Sensitivity to light, noise and odors
- Nausea and vomiting upset stomach and abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling very warm (sweating) or cold (chills)
- Pale skin color
- Feeling tired
- Dizziness and blurred vision
- Tender scalp
Migraine headaches are a complex and poorly understood origin. It is because certain nerves in your blood vessels deliver pain messages to your brain that you get headaches. This causes the nerves and blood vessels in your head to become inflamed. Why your nerves do that is unknown.
You can take an active role in managing them, maybe reducing how often you get them and possibly controlling how severe they are by following these tips:
- Keep a migraine diary. Take notes about any foods and other triggers that you think may have caused you to develop a migraine. Make changes in your diet and avoid those triggers as much as possible.
- Get seven to nine hours of sleep a night.
- Eat at regular intervals. Don’t skip meals. Drink plenty of water.
- Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.
- Learn techniques to control stress such as meditation, yoga, relaxation training, or mindful breathing.
- Avoid bright lights and loud noise